SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues
|Title||UNITED STATES - Sanitary measures applied by USA for imports of live bivalve molluscs|
|Creation Date||20 Feb 2008|
|Last update/check||19 Mar 2014|
|Sector||Agriculture and Fisheries|
|SPS measure||Other SPS import restrictions|
|Country||United States of America|
|Description of the measure||
The USA requires the testing of the water in which bivalve molluscs (e.g. oysters) are reared for coliforms, whereas the European Union requires testing of the flesh of the bivalve molluscs for Escherichia coli.
The European Community Reference Laboratory for monitoring bacteriological and viral contamination of bivalve molluscs has studied the two approaches and has confirmed that the same level of protection is achieved.
The EU claims that the two different approaches achieve the same level of protection, and therefore should be regarded as equivalent, within the framework of Article 4 of the WTO/SPS Agreement (Sanitary and Phytosanitary).
The EC and the USA-Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are engaged in bilateral discussions with the goal to agree on the equialence of both control regimes and organise trade on this basis.