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SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues

Title Is key barrier(*) United States- Bovine animals and products
Creation Date 01 Dec 1996
Last update/check 06 Oct 2014
Barrier id 960083
Sector Agriculture and Fisheries
SPS measure Bovine Spongiform Encephalopaty (BSE)
Country United States of America
Description of the measure

Unjustified import restrictions on a number of animals and animal products relating to Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE).


In 1997, US introduced rules on the import of ruminant animals and products thereof from all European countries based on concerns about Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). These rules are still in place, however they are more strict than agreed in international standards set by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) creating disproportionate and discriminatory trade restrictions.
US committed to align its import requirements to the OIE standards by drafting a ’BSE comprehensive rule’. This rule was finally adopted and it entered into force in March 2014.
Before trade can resume, establishments must be approved by FSIS for compliance with hygiene rules. This process is ongoing since January 2014 for The Netherlands and Ireland. Inspection missions were scheduled. Also France, Italy and the United Kingdom submitted applications.

Barrier Status Monitoring solution
Actions Taken



Hs codes
  • 0102 - Live bovine animals
  • 01 - Live animals
  • (*) In its conclusions of 8 December 2008, the Council of the European Union asked the European Commission "to draw up, in conjunction with Member States, a list of trade barriers to be prioritised in each of the EU's major trading partners ...". These barriers are marked as "key barriers" in the Market Access Database.