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SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues

Title Is key barrier(*) United States- Bovine animals and products
Creation Date 01 Dec 1996
Last update/check 11 Dec 2015
Barrier id 960083
Sector Agriculture and Fisheries
SPS measure Bovine Spongiform Encephalopaty (BSE)
Country United States of America
Description of the measure

Unjustified import restrictions on a number of animals and animal products relating to Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). In 1997, US introduced rules on the import of ruminant animals and products thereof from all European countries based on concerns about Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). US finally aligned import requirements to the OIE standards by drafting a ’BSE comprehensive rule’ in March 2014.
However, before trade can resume, establishments must be approved and Member States re-instated by FSIS for compliance with hygiene rules. This process is ongoing since January 2014 for NL, FR, IRL and UK. Also IT, BE and DE submitted applications.
So far, only IRL was approved and can ship beef to US.

Barrier Status Monitoring solution
Actions Taken



Hs codes
  • 0102 - Live bovine animals
  • 01 - Live animals
  • (*) In its conclusions of 8 December 2008, the Council of the European Union asked the European Commission "to draw up, in conjunction with Member States, a list of trade barriers to be prioritised in each of the EU's major trading partners ...". These barriers are marked as "key barriers" in the Market Access Database.