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FTA: Free Trade Agreement

Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) has been signed by the EU and Canada on 30 October 2016 and has entered into force provisionally on 21 September 2017.

Since provisional entry into force most of the agreement already applies. Areas that are not yet in force are investment protection and the investment court system (ICS), portfolio investment market access, provisions on camcording and two provisions related to the transparency of administrative proceedings, review and appeal at Member State level. The agreement will take full effect once all EU Member States have formally ratified it.

Its full text and annexes are available on DG Trade website:

  • Tariff elimination

    The EU and Canada have agreed to eliminate customs duties for the import of goods originating in the EU and Canada, either when CETA comes into force, or gradually within 3, 5 or 7 years for almost all goods.

  • Rules of Origin

    Rules of origin ensure that CETA preferential tariff rates benefit EU and Canadian production. In order to take full advantage of CETA preferential tariff rates, traders will need to fulfil the rules of origin defined in the agreement and prescribed for each and every product.

  • Food safety, Animal and Plant health

    CETA will boost trade in food, animal and plant products between the EU and Canada while maintaining our high levels of human, animal and plant health and safety.

  • Technical barriers to trade

    The term ‘technical barriers to trade’ (TBT) refers to technical rules that define specific characteristics that a product should have, such as design, labelling, marking, packaging, functionality or performance.

  • Pharmaceuticals

    CETA has expedited the mutual recognition of good manufacturing practices inspections of pharmaceutical factories, which the EU and Canada already had in place as a result of a previous agreement

  • Intellectual property and GIs

    From an economic point of view, stronger international property rights (IPRs) give producers additional incentives to innovate and invest in the production of new products.

  • Government procurement

    Public contracts form a substantial share of world trade flows, amounting to €1 000 billion per year.

  • Services

    CETA constitutes the most comprehensive trade agreement the EU has ever concluded with regard to trade in services and investment.

  • Investment

    The EU and Canada not only have strong ties in terms of international exchange of goods and services but also with respect to foreign direct investment FDI).

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  • SMEs recommendation of the EU-Canada trade agreement "CETA"

    About 90% of all EU companies using CETA are SMEs.