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FTA: Free Trade Agreement

Tariff elimination

The EU and Canada have agreed to eliminate customs duties for the import of goods originating in the EU and Canada, either when CETA comes into force, or gradually within 3, 5 or 7 years for almost all goods. Ultimately, the tariffs for almost 99 % of all Canadian and EU tariff lines will be removed. For the most sensitive agricultural products, there will be a special treatment or an exclusion from any tariff reduction.

Industrial tariffs

Both sides have agreed to eliminate 100 % of tariff lines for industrial products of which 99.4 % for the EU and 99.6 % for Canada on the entry into force of the agreement. Canada will liberalise its remaining tariffs on ships over 7 years.

Farm produce, processed foods and drinks

Most customs duties on farm produce, processed foods and drinks will disappear. The EU will be able to export nearly 92 % of its agricultural and food products to Canada duty-free. EU exports to Canada’s market of high-income consumers will become cheaper.

This will create new export opportunities for EU farmers and producers of:

There will be limited tariff-free quotas for a few sensitive products such as beef, pork and sweetcorn granted by the EU and cheese by Canada. CETA will not open up the market for poultry or eggs in the EU or Canada, and will respect the EU’s entry-price system for fruit and vegetables.
All imports from Canada will have to continue to meet EU rules and regulations. For example, only hormone-free meat can be imported into the EU.

The EU is running a monthly allocation, of import licences where importers have 11 opportunities per year to request a licence. Following regulations define how the EU manages its different tariff quotas for CETA:

More information on the allocation of the new tariff rate quotas (TRQs) for imports of cheese from the EU to Canada under CETA as well as notices for importers for both WTO quota and CETA quota can be found on Global Affairs Canada website. The Notices to Importers set out the eligibility criteria to obtain an allocation under each respective TRQ. The Notices also provide information on the administration of TRQs in general and on the process for submitting an application for an allocation. Application forms and related appendices are attached to each Notice. Canada applies an annual model for allocation of cheese quotas. The application for quatas happens first half of November and return and redistribution of unused quotas on the 1st of August. To be eligible to receive a quota you need to be a Canadian resident and to be active in the cheese sector.

2017 - CETA Cheese Quota Holders List

2017 - CETA Industrial Cheese Quota Holders List

2017 – Table of Utilization of the CETA Tariff Quota for Cheese

When exporting food products to Canada you may be interested in information about food labelling requirements in Canada that can be found here

To help you read the CETA text these are the staging Categories foreseen in Annex 2A

  1. A – duty at zero on 21 September 2017
  2. B – duty to be reduced to zero in equal cuts over 3
  3. C – duty to be reduced to zero in equal cuts over 5
  4. D – duty to be reduced to zero in equal cuts over 7
  5. E – duty is exempt from tariff elimination
  6. S – duty remains the same for 5 years after which they shall be removed in three equal stages on January 1 of year 8;
  7. AV0 + EP – the ad valorem duty equal zero at entry into force; the specific duty resulting from the entry price system applicable for these originating goods shall be maintained

Both sides will fully eliminate all tariffs on fisheries products. Thanks to WTO rules, 76% of Canada’s imports enjoy 0% tariffs and Canada agreed to eliminate the remaining tariffs upon entry into force of the agreement. The EU agreed to eliminate 95.5 % of its tariffs on fisheries products upon entry into force of CETA and 4.5 % of the tariffs within 3, 5 or 7 years. This is good not just for consumers: removing customs duties will give the EU food processing industry better access to Canadian fish.

In parallel to lifting customs duties, the EU and Canada will develop sustainable fisheries by using monitoring, control and surveillance measures, as well as by fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

Wines & Spirits

Both the 1989 EU—Canada Agreement on Alcoholic Beverages and the 2004 EU—Canada Wines and Spirits Agreement are incorporated into CETA. This offers stronger legal guarantees to protect and promote trade of EU wines and spirits with Canada. The names of specific EU products such as port, Irish cream liqueur or Swedish vodka (see more on GI protection under CETA) will continue to enjoy full protection in Canada. What’s more, through CETA, the EU and Canada have a forum to discuss any issues of concern related to wines and spirits in the future.

Specific tariffs on EU wines and spirits entering Canada will be eliminated at entry into force of CETA. For spirits such as gin, vodka and whisky and for all EU wines, not only does CETA remove tariffs, but it also addresses other barriers that significantly hampered the EU’s capacity to penetrate the Canadian market.

For instance, the cost-of-service-differential fee imposed by the Provincial Liquor Boards on imported wines and spirits will be applied based on volume and not value, and calculated in a more transparent manner, lowering the cost for EU producers to sell their products in Canada.
Other important outcomes are:

  • freezing the number of Canadian off-site private outlets, which are only open to Canadian producers, and which are an alternative to the monopoly of the provincial liquor boards;
  • preventing out-of-province activities of certain liquor boards, which have led to unfair competition on Canadian territory and in third countries;
  • abolition of Canadian requirements to blend imported bulk spirits with local spirits before bottling (this requirement prevented imported bulk spirits from being labelled as GIs upon bottling in Canada).

The EU—Canada agreement on trade in wines and spirit drinks has been incorporated in CETA with minor amendments set out in Annex 30-B of CETA.

Geographical indications of wines and spirits protected in Canada and the EU are listed respectively in Annex III(a) and Annex IV(a) of the agreement on trade in wines and spirit drinks.

In order to be protected in Canada, the GIs listed under the Wines and Spirits agreement, need to register their GIs with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office.

The procedure to register is explained here.

Rules of Origin

Rules of origin ensure that CETA preferential tariff rates benefit EU and Canadian production. In order to take full advantage of CETA preferential tariff rates, traders will need to fulfil the rules of origin defined in the agreement and prescribed for each and every product. The Commission has developed a practical Guide to the CETA Rules of Origin to help you find your way.

How can EU exporters benefit from the preferential tariff rate when exporting to Canada?

  1. 1Products must be "originating" in the EU
  2. 2Exporters need to be registered in the REX system (for shipments with a value below €6 000 no registration is required).
  3. 3Exporters need to make the origin declaration on a commercial document e.g. invoice.

In CETA, these requirements are defined in the Protocol on Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures. There are three main scenarios for a product to be considered as "originating" in the EU or Canada.

  • It has been wholly obtained in the EU/Canada (like plants grown and harvested there, animals born and raised there, raw materials, etc.).
  • It has been produced exclusively from originating materials (e.g. yoghurt produced from EU/Canadian milk and fruits).
  • It has been based on materials which do not originate in the EU/Canada but which were sufficiently processed in the EU/Canada. The criteria for determining "sufficient production" are described in Annex 5 to the Protocol on Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures. For example a car will be originating in the EU or Canada if not more than 50 % of the value of the materials has been imported from outside Canada or the EU to manufacture it.

In addition some further rules clarify when the product is originating in the EU or Canada.

For instance, the different processing operations normally have to be carried out either in the EU or in Canada, though EU producers can also use materials originating in Canada (or vice versa) to help them comply with the rules. For example a pencil containing graphite from Sweden and basswood from Ontario in Canada would get preferential treatment.

The processing in either the EU or Canada has to go beyond minimal operations, such as simple packaging operations, simple assembly, review or pressing of textiles, painting or polishing operations, etc.

To be eligible for preferential treatment, goods need to be transported directly from the EU to Canada (or vice versa). However, goods can be transhipped via another country, as long as they remain under customs control and do not undergo any further production, other than unloading, reloading, splitting of consignments or any other operation necessary to preserve or to transport the product.

It is also useful to know that multiple shipments of the identical originating products may be covered by one origin declaration if those shipments take place within a maximum of 12 months.

To confirm the origin of a specific product, the importer in the EU can ask the customs authorities in EU Member States (or the importer in Canada can ask the customs authorities in Canada) to issue a Binding Origin Information (BOI). It is valid for 3 years and is binding on the customs authorities in all EU Member States (if issued in the EU) or Canada (if issued in Canada). If you intend to export to Canada and your importer has any doubts as to whether your product is originating in the EU, you may invite your Canadian importer to request a BOI from the Canadian authorities.

List of competent authorities that can issue BOI

To check which rule of origin applies for a specific product you can also consult the Market Access Database.

1. How to register in the REX system

EU economic operators that want to export to Canada (for shipments worth more than €6 000) need to register in the Registered Exporter system. From 1 January 2018, this will be the only way to benefit from the preferences granted under CETA.

The Registered Exporter system (the REX system)

To benefit from preferential tariff treatment under CETA, complete these simple steps.

  1. 1.Apply for a Registered Exporter (REX) number by completing this form.
  2. 2.Send the completed form to your national Customs Office.
  3. 3.You will then receive a REX number to indicate on the origin declaration to be provided on the commercial document that describes the product.
  4. 4.The originating product will then benefit from CETA preferential tariff treatment in Canada on the basis of the origin declaration.
2. How to prepare the origin declaration

The origin declaration can simply be provided on an invoice or any other commercial document that describes the originating product. The originating product will then benefit from the preferential tariff rates in CETA.

Text of the origin declaration

The exporter of the products covered by this document (Customs Authorisation No ...) declares that, except where otherwise clearly indicated, these products are of ... preferential origin.

(Place and date)

(Printed name of the exporter)

Food safety, Animal and Plant health

CETA will boost trade in food, animal and plant products between the EU and Canada while maintaining our high levels of human, animal and plant health and safety. This is because all products imported into the EU will still need to comply with applicable sanitary and phytosanitary standards, and vice versa.

In Canada, The CFIA sets the policies and regulations for imports of food, agricultural inputs and agricultural products that are enforced by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) is responsible for the initial import inspection of food, agricultural inputs and agricultural products.

Here you can find information and requirements for Food imports to Canada.
As regards meats and meat products, the existing EU—Canada veterinary agreement is incorporated into CETA, confirming the successful and mutually beneficial collaboration in the veterinary field. Both sides have agreed to simplify the approval process for exporters. Canada has already re-opened its beef market for 19 Member States through swift and pragmatic procedures. The detailed knowledge and the high level of mutual trust in the veterinary control services which has been built between Canada and the EU over many years is also reflected by commitments aimed at minimising trade restrictions in the event of a disease outbreak (so-called regionalisation). In the event of a disease outbreak, trade from unaffected areas can continue without interruption and lengthy reapproval processes.
Information and requirements for animals and animal products imports to Canada

In the area of plant health, CETA sets up new procedures that will simplify and accelerate the approval process for plants, fruit and vegetables by Canada. CETA will allow Canada to undertake EU-wide assessments and approval procedures for fruit and vegetables, replacing the current country-by-country and product-by-product approach which requires enormous resources. A pilot project on apples is already well under way and making good progress, in close cooperation with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), the European Food Safety Authority and the European Commission. The aim is to create a more predictable regulatory environment for exporters. For all product categories, the parties agreed to establish fast-track procedures for items identified as priorities.
Information and requirements on the Plant and Plant Product Imports to Canada

CETA will further streamline approval processes, reduce costs and improve the predictability of trade in animal and plant products.

EU Member States Meat Inspection Systems Approval Status

Food Labelling Requirements

If you are exporting Food products to Canada you may want to have a closer look at Canada's Food Labelling Requirements.

Here are few examples of labelling requirements:

  • Linguistic requirements
  • Common name,
  • Net quantity,
  • Ingredients and allergens,
  • Nutrition facts table,
  • Dealer identity ,
  • 'Best Before', 'Packaged on' and expiry dates,
  • Storage instructions,
  • Country of origin
  • Standard of identity

You can find all the information on an Industry Labelling Tool developed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

This is a list of Regulations that you may find useful when exporting your food products to Canada:

(*) Regulations are expected to be published in 2018.

Technical barriers to trade

The term "technical barriers to trade" (TBT) refers to technical rules that define specific characteristics that a product should have, such as design, labelling, marking, packaging, functionality or performance. It also refers to compulsory conformity assessment procedures used to check compliance with these rules, for example inspection and certification.

Technical rules are designed to achieve important public policy objectives, such as protecting human health, safety or the environment. However, it can be costly for traders to comply with different requirements in different markets. CETA sets out provisions that help to avoid and address unnecessary disruptions and ensure transparency (for instance, that interested persons on either side can comment on proposed technical regulations that Canada or the EU may develop).

In addition, the EU and Canada have agreed to strengthen the links and cooperation between their standards-setting bodies as well as their testing, certification and accreditation organisations.

CETA contains the Protocol on the mutual acceptance of the results of conformity assessment which replaces the existing mutual recognition agreement (MRA) with a broader product coverage, simplified procedures, and a possibility for further expansion to additional product sectors based on agreement of the parties

Under the CETA protocol on the mutual acceptance of the results of conformity assessment, Canada has agreed to accept mandatory conformity assessment certificates issued by recognized conformity assessment bodies located in the EU, and vice versa. This is subject to a mechanism that ensures that these bodies are technically competent to carry out these tasks. Bodies recognised under the existing MRA (which has ceased to apply since the entry into force of CETA) will continue to be recognised under CETA. For a new conformity assessment body to be recognised, the designating party must provide the other side the information listed in Annex 3 to the protocol. In case of the EU, this information needs to be provided by the EU Member State in which the body is located to the Standards Council of Canada, and in case of Canada, by Canadian authorities to the European Commission's Directorate-General for the Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs — in the same way that an EU Member State would.

In order for a conformity assessment body to seek from their respective EU Member State authority to designate them as recognized conformity assessment body for Canadian market, the conformity assessment body must first obtain relevant accreditation from Standards Council of Canada (except in case of telecom and electromagnetic compatibility — see below). You can find all the information necessary to apply for accreditation with SCC here.

For products falling into the scope of technical regulations related to telecommunications terminal equipment, information technology equipment, apparatus used for radio communication, and electromagnetic compatibility, the conformity assessment body from EU Member States shall be accredited by any national accreditation body of an EU Member State that is a signatory to the ILAC/IAF multilateral recognition arrangement.

NANDO Database contains Notified and Designated Organisations and other relevant information on Conformity assessment.

Conformity Assessment Bodies:
Facilitating certification for regulated products

In a view of reducing the impact of testing and certification requirements, CETA Protocol provides that a conformity assessment body (CABs) located in the EU will be able to issue conformity assessment certificates for the sectors covered by the CETA Protocol, to prove compliance with Canadian requirements; conversely, a CABs located in Canada will be able to issue such certificates showing compliance with EU requirements.

The system relies on close cooperation between the EU and Canadian accreditation bodies to ensure mutual trust in the technical competence of conformity assessment bodies. This cooperation has been crystallised in an agreement between the European Cooperation for Accreditation and the Standards Council of Canada.

Products covered by the CETA protocol
  • Electrical and electronic equipment, including electrical installations and appliances, and related components;
  • Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment;
  • Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC);
  • Toys;
  • Construction products;
  • Machinery, including parts, components, including safety components, interchangeable equipment, and assemblies of machines;
  • Measuring instruments;
  • Hot-water boilers, including related appliances;
  • Equipment, machines, apparatus, devices, control components, protection systems, safety devices, controlling devices and regulating devices, and related instrumentation and prevention and detection systems for use in potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX equipment);
  • Equipment for use outdoors as it relates to noise emission in the environment; and
  • Recreational craft, including their components.

CETA has expedited the mutual recognition of good manufacturing practices inspections of pharmaceutical factories, which the EU and Canada already had in place as a result of a previous agreement. With CETA, inspections carried out in EU territory by any EU Member State authority will be accepted by Canada and vice versa. CETA also provides for the optional recognition of inspections carried out by the other side in third countries. This is important because in today's global economy, 40 % of finished medicines marketed in the EU come from overseas, and so do 80 % of active pharmaceutical ingredients used to make medicines available in the EU. Regardless of whether a medicine is manufactured domestically or imported, EU and Canadian patients rely on their regulatory authorities to ensure the quality, safety and efficacy of all of these products. So the agreement on mutual recognition allows both EU and Canadian authorities to make better use of their limited resources by reducing duplicate inspections, and instead focusing on markets where there are higher risks. Moreover, pharmaceutical manufacturers big and small will face significantly smaller administrative burdens and costs from not having to undergo overlapping inspections by both EU and Canadian regulators.

Protocol on the mutual recognition of the compliance and enforcement programme regarding good manufacturing practices for pharmaceutical products

Furthermore, CETA improves intellectual property rights for innovative pharmaceuticals in three ways.

  • Innovators holding a pharmaceutical patent will obtain the right to appeal marketing authorisation decisions in Canada in the same manner as other producers already could.
  • Canada commits to its current regime of data protection (6 + 2 years), thus providing legal certainty in an area where long-term investments are essential.
  • Canada will put in place a patent term restoration system along the lines of the EU system to compensate for unjustified delays in the marketing approval process, including a maximum period of supplementary protection (2 years). Importantly, the parties agreed on the possibility for exceptions for the purpose of export to third countries.

Finally, through CETA, Canada will also introduce more favourable conditions for innovative pharmaceutical research that approximates its system to the one existing in the EU, which safeguards the important balance between researching new and improved pharmaceuticals and keeping a sustainable and affordable health system.

You can find the information on how drugs are approved in Canada on the Government of Canada website.

Intellectual Property

CETA provides for better intellectual property rights protection for European companies exporting innovative, artistic, distinct and high-quality products to Canada as well as protection for pharmaceutical products and geographical indications.

Copyright in the digital age

With CETA, Canada will align its copyright protection regime with the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) internet treaties. The WIPO Copyright Treaty and the WIPO Performances and Phonogram Treaty (known together as the ‘internet treaties’) lay down norms preventing unauthorised access to and use of creative works online or in digital form that are important for our of our creative industries.

The agreement contains important provisions regarding limitations to the liability of internet service providers for infringing content, when they comply with a number of conditions, such as a system of effective notification of such content.

Canada will also need to ensure that rights holders can effectively use technology to protect their rights and to license their works online. For example, protection and effective remedies are provided against the circumvention of technological measures (such as encryption) used by rights holders to protect their rights. Furthermore, it is prohibited to deliberately alter or delete electronic ‘rights management information’ — that is, information which accompanies any protected material, and which identifies the work, its creators, performer or owner, and the terms and conditions for its use.

Broadcasting rights

Canada also agreed to better protect European artists’ rights by giving performers the exclusive right to authorise or prohibit the broadcasting by wireless means and the communication to the public of their performances. This means European artists can obtain royalties from, for example, café and retail establishments that play music to attract consumers. Canada will ensure that a single equitable remuneration will be paid for broadcasting by wireless means or for any communication to the public, and this remuneration will be shared between the relevant performers and phonogram producers.

These rights will ensure that artists, both European and Canadian, are rewarded for their creativity and have the incentives to continue to create new artistic works.

Plant variety protection

Canada also agreed to strengthen the protection of plant varieties on the basis of the 1991 Act of the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV). This means that innovative plant varieties that can lead, for example, to better yields will be protected and are therefore likely to be introduced more quickly onto the Canadian market to the benefit of farmers and consumers (The EU is a major provider of new plant varieties. This important research and innovation activity is protected by a sui generis type of intellectual property called the Community plant variety right. This is not related to the use of genetically modified organisms.).

Action against counterfeits

Canada also agreed to strengthen its border measures against counterfeited trademarks, pirated copyright goods and counterfeit geographical indication goods, namely by introducing a possibility for customs to detain fake goods ex officio. This means that Canada’s competent authorities may act on their own initiative to temporarily detain goods suspected of infringing an intellectual property right. Since this means brands do not have to be individually registered with Canadian customs to benefit from protection, this is particularly attractive for smaller companies. Canada will adopt or maintain procedures under which a rights holder may request its competent authorities to suspend the release of, or detain, goods suspected of infringing an intellectual property right.

Canada has also introduced the possibility for judicial authorities to take necessary provisional measures and to make orders to desist from covering intermediaries that are involved in the entry into the market of goods infringing intellectual property rights.

Geographical indications

In addition to the GIs protected under the EU and Canada Wines and Spirits agreement integrated in CETA (see section on Wines and Spirits), Canada has agreed to protect 143 geographical indications (GIs) — distinctive food and drink products from specific towns or regions in the EU. Canada will protect these traditional European products from imitations in much the same way as the EU does. It will be illegal to mislead consumers about the true origin of a product, for example by using flags evoking a protected EU GIs or the country where that GIs product comes from. EU rights holders will be able to use an administrative process to uphold GIs rights in Canada, rather than rely only on lengthier and more complex proceedings in the domestic court system.

A full list of EU GIs (food and liqueurs) protected in Canada with CETA is available online. The list may be extended to other products in future if the EU and Canada agree.

České pivo beer Czech Republic
Žatecký Chmel hops Czech Republic
Hopfen aus der Hallertau hops Germany
Nürnberger Bratwürste** fresh, frozen and processed meats Germany
Nürnberger Rostbratwürste fresh, frozen and processed meats Germany
Schwarzwälder Schinken fresh, frozen and processed meats Germany
Aachener Printen confectionery and baked products Germany
Nürnberger Lebkuchen confectionery and baked products Germany
Lübecker Marzipan confectionery and baked products Germany
Bremer Klaben confectionery and baked products Germany
Hessischer Handkäse cheeses Germany
Hessischer Handkäs cheeses Germany
Tettnanger Hopfen hops Germany
Spreewälder Gurken fresh and processed vegetable products Germany
Danablu cheeses Denmark
Ελιά Καλαμάτας Elia Kalamatas table and processed olives Greece
Μαστίχα Χίου Masticha Chiou natural gums and resins - chewing gums Greece
Φέτα* Feta cheeses Greece
Ελαιόλαδο Καλαμάτας Kalamata olive oil oils and animal fats Greece
Ελαιόλαδο Κολυμβάρι Χανίων Κρήτης Kolymvari Chanion Kritis Olive Oil oils and animal fats Greece
Ελαιόλαδο Σητείας Λασιθίου Κρήτης Sitia Lasithiou Kritis Olive oil oils and animal fats Greece
Ελαιόλαδο Λακωνία Olive Oil Lakonia oils and animal fats Greece
Κρόκος Κοζάνης Krokos Kozanis spices Greece
Κεφαλογραβιέρα Kefalograviera cheeses Greece
Γραβιέρα Κρήτης Graviera Kritis cheeses Greece
Γραβιέρα Νάξου Graviera Naxou cheeses Greece
Μανούρι Manouri cheeses Greece
Κασέρι Kasseri cheeses Greece
Φασόλια Γίγαντες Ελέφαντες Καστοριάς Fassolia Gigantes Elefantes Kastorias fresh and processed vegetable products Greece
Φασόλια Γίγαντες Ελέφαντες Πρεσπών Φλώρινας Fassolia Gigantes Elefantes Prespon Florinas fresh and processed vegetable products Greece
Κονσερβολιά Αμφίσσης Konservolia Amfissis table and processed olives Greece
Λουκούμι Γεροσκήπου Loukoumi Geroskipou confectionery and baked products Cyprus
Baena oils and animal fats Spain
Sierra Mágina oils and animal fats Spain
Aceite del Baix Ebre-Montsía oils and animal fats Spain
Oli del Baix Ebre-Montsía oils and animal fats Spain
Aceite del Bajo Aragón oils and animal fats Spain
Antequera oils and animal fats Spain
Priego de Córdoba oils and animal fats Spain
Sierra de Cádiz oils and animal fats Spain
Sierra de Segura oils and animal fats Spain
Sierra de Cazorla oils and animal fats Spain
Siurana oils and animal fats Spain
Aceite de Terra Alta oils and animal fats Spain
Oli de Terra Alta oils and animal fats Spain
Les Garrigues oils and animal fats Spain
Estepa oils and animal fats Spain
Guijuelo fresh, frozen and processed meats Spain
Jamón de Huelva fresh, frozen and processed meats Spain
Jamón de Teruel fresh, frozen and processed meats Spain
Salchichón de Vic fresh, frozen and processed meats Spain
Llonganissa de Vic fresh, frozen and processed meats Spain
Mahón-Menorca cheeses Spain
Queso Manchego cheeses Spain
Cítricos Valencianos fresh and processed fruits and nuts Spain
Cîtrics Valancians fresh and processed fruits and nuts Spain
Jijona confectionery and baked products Spain
Turrón de Alicante confectionery and baked products Spain
Azafrán de la Mancha spices Spain
Comté cheeses France
Reblochon cheeses France
Reblochon de Savoie cheeses France
Roquefort cheeses France
Camembert de Normandie cheeses France
Brie de Meaux cheeses France
Emmental de Savoie cheeses France
Pruneaux d'Agen fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Pruneaux d'Agen mi-cuits fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Huîtres de Marennes-Oléron fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Canards à foie gras du Sud-Ouest: Chalosse fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Canards à foie gras du Sud-Ouest: Gascogne fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Canards à foie gras du Sud-Ouest: Gers fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Canards à foie gras du Sud-Ouest: Landes fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Canards à foie gras du Sud-Ouest: Périgord fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Canards à foie gras du Sud-Ouest: Quercy fresh and processed fruits and nuts France
Jambon de Bayonne*** dry-cured meats France
Huile d'olive de Haute-Provence oils and animal fats France
Huile essentielle de lavande de Haute-Provence essential oils France
Morbier cheeses France
Epoisses cheeses France
Beaufort*** cheeses France
Maroilles cheeses France
Marolles cheeses France
Munster* cheeses France
Munster Géromé cheeses France
Fourme d'Ambert cheeses France
Abondance cheeses France
Bleu d'Auvergne cheeses France
Livarot cheeses France
Cantal cheeses France
Fourme de Cantal cheeses France
Cantalet cheeses France
Petit Cantal cheeses France
Pont - L'Evêque cheeses France
Neufchâtel cheeses France
Chabichou du Poitou cheeses France
Crottin de Chavignol cheeses France
Saint-Nectaire cheeses France
Piment d'Espelette spices France
Lentille verte du Puy fresh and processed vegetable products France
Aceto balsamico Tradizionale di Modena vinegar Italy
Aceto balsamico di Modena vinegar Italy
Cotechino Modena fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Zampone Modena fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Bresaola della Valtellina fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Mortadella Bologna fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Prosciutto di Parma dry-cured meats Italy
Prosciutto di S. Daniele dry-cured meats Italy
Prosciutto Toscano dry-cured meats Italy
Prosciutto di Modena dry-cured meats Italy
Provolone Valpadana cheeses Italy
Taleggio cheeses Italy
Asiago* cheeses Italy
Fontina* cheeses Italy
Gorgonzola* cheeses Italy
Grana Padano cheeses Italy
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana cheeses Italy
Parmigiano Reggiano cheeses Italy
Pecorino Romano cheeses Italy
Pecorino Toscano cheeses Italy
Arancia Rossa di Sicilia fresh and processed fruits and nuts Italy
Cappero di Pantelleria fresh and processed fruits and nuts Italy
Kiwi Latina fresh and processed fruits and nuts Italy
Lenticchia di Castelluccio di Norcia fresh and processed vegetable products Italy
Mela Alto Adige fresh and processed fruits and nuts Italy
Südtiroler Apfel fresh and processed fruits and nuts Italy
Pesca e nettarina di Romagna fresh and processed fruits and nuts Italy
Pomodoro di Pachino fresh and processed vegetable products Italy
Radicchio Rosso di Treviso fresh and processed vegetable products Italy
Ricciarelli di Siena confectionery and baked products Italy
Riso Nano Vialone Veronese cereals Italy
Speck Alto Adige fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Südtiroler Markenspeck fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Südtiroler Speck fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Veneto Valpolicella oils and animal fats Italy
Veneto Euganei e Berici oils and animal fats Italy
Veneto del Grappa oils and animal fats Italy
Culatello di Zibello fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Garda fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Lardo di Colonnata fresh, frozen and processed meats Italy
Szegedi téliszalámi fresh, frozen and processed meats Hungary
Szegedi szalámi fresh, frozen and processed meats Hungary
Tiroler Speck fresh, frozen and processed meats Austria
Steirischer Kren fresh and processed vegetable products Austria
Steirisches Kürbiskernöl oilseeds Austria
Queijo S. Jorge cheeses Portugal
Azeite de Moura oils and animal fats Portugal
Azeites de Trás-os-Montes oils and animal fats Portugal
Azeite do Alentejo Interior oils and animal fats Portugal
Azeites da Beira Interior oils and animal fats Portugal
Azeites do Norte Alentejano oils and animal fats Portugal
Azeites do Ribatejo oils and animal fats Portugal
Pêra Rocha do Oeste fresh and processed fruits and nuts Portugal
Ameixa d'Elvas fresh and processed fruits and nuts Portugal
Ananás dos Açores / S. Miguel fresh and processed fruits and nuts Portugal
Chouriça de carne de Vinhais fresh, frozen and processed meats Portugal
Linguiça de Vinhais fresh, frozen and processed meats Portugal
Chouriço de Portalegre fresh, frozen and processed meats Portugal
Presunto de Barrancos fresh, frozen and processed meats Portugal
Queijo Serra da Estrela cheeses Portugal
Queijos da Beira Baixa cheeses Portugal
Queijo de Castelo Branco cheeses Portugal
Queijo Amarelo da Beira Baixa cheeses Portugal
Queijo Picante da Beira Baixa cheeses Portugal
Salpicão de Vinhais fresh, frozen and processed meats Portugal
Gouda Holland cheeses Netherlands
Edam Holland cheeses Netherlands
Kalix Löjrom fresh, frozen and processed fish products Sweden
Magiun de prune Topoloveni fresh and processed fruits and nuts Romania

CETA improves intellectual property rights for innovative pharmaceuticals in three ways.

  • Innovators holding a pharmaceutical patent will obtain the right to appeal marketing authorisation decisions in Canada in the same manner as other producers already could.
  • Canada commits to its current regime of data protection (6 + 2 years), thus providing legal certainty in an area where long-term investments are essential.
  • Canada will put in place a patent term restoration system along the lines of the EU system to compensate for unjustified delays in the marketing approval process, including a maximum period of supplementary protection (2 years). Importantly, the parties agreed on the possibility for exceptions for the purpose of export to third countries.

Finally, through CETA, Canada will also introduce more favourable conditions for innovative pharmaceutical research that approximates its system to the one existing in the EU, which safeguards the important balance between researching new and improved pharmaceuticals and keeping a sustainable and affordable health system.

You can find the information on how drugs are approved in Canada here:

Government Procurement
Provide your goods and services to Canadian Government

Canada has three levels of Government procurement: federal, provincial and municipal. In Canada, Provinces and territories have jurisdiction over public goods such as health care, education, welfare, and intra-provincial transportation and Municipalities manage local transportation, school boards, public utilities, etc. With CETA the EU Companies can now bid for Canadian government tenders at all of them — the first non-Canadian firms to be able to do so.

The procuring entities covered by CETA can be found in annexes 19-1 to 19-8

CETA also brings legal certainty that Canadian public agencies and bodies will not be able to discriminate against European companies – i.e., to restrict the companies’ access to a public tender.

Suppliers can challenge procurement decisions that they believe run contrary to the obligations of the Agreement. In Canada, the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (“CITT”) performs this role.

Canada has also agreed to make the tendering process more transparent by publishing all of its public tenders on a single procurement website in a due time. While this website is in preparation here is the list of websites on which you can look up for tendering opportunities in Canada:

Canadian federal procurement opportunities (Government entities and Crown corporations):

Federal, provincial and territorial governments procurement opportunities under the internal Canadian Free Trade Agreement can be found here:

Procurement opportunities at provinces and territories
Canada map
Province Link
Alberta back to map Alberta Purchasing Connection:
British Columbia back to map BC Bid:
Manitoba back to map
  1. Provincial:
  2. Municipalities, municipal organisations:
    1. City of Winnipeg:
    2. City of Brandon:
    3. City of Steinbach:
    4. City of Portage La Prairie: and
    5. City of Thompson:
  3. Publicly-funded academic, health and social services entities:
    1. University of Manitoba: and
    2. University of Winnipeg:
    3. University of Brandon:
    4. Red River College:
    5. University College of the North:
    6. Winnipeg Regional Health Authority:
    7. Regional Health Authorities of Manitoba: and
  4. School boards:
    1. Beautiful Plains:
    2. Border Land:
    3. Brandon:
    4. Division scolaire franco-manitobaine:
    5. Evergreen:
    6. Flin Flon:
    7. Fort La Bosse:
    8. Frontier:
    9. Garden Valley:
    10. Hanover:
    11. Interlake:
    12. Kelsey:
    13. Lord Selkirk:
    14. Lakeshore:
    15. Louis Riel:
    16. Mountain View:
    17. Mystery Lake:
    18. Park West:
    19. Pembina Trails:
    20. Pine Creek:
    21. Portage la Prairie:
    22. Prairie Rose:
    23. Prairie Spirit:
    24. Red River Valley:
    25. River East Transcona:
    26. Rolling River:
    27. Seine River:
    28. Seven Oaks:; and
    29. Southwest Horizon:
    30. St. James-Assiniboia:
    31. Sunrise:
    32. Swan Valley:
    33. Turtle Mountain:
    34. Turtle River:
    35. Western:
    36. Whiteshell:
    37. Winnipeg:
    38. Manitoba Institute of Trades and Technology (formerly Winnipeg Tech. College):
    39. Public Schools Finance Board:
  5. Crown corporations:
    1. Manitoba Hydro:
    2. Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries: and (construction only)
New Brunswick back to map
  1. New Brunswick Opportunities Network:
  2. Réseau de possibilités d'affaires du Nouveau-Brunswick:
Newfoundland and Labrador back to map
  1. Information available on Internet homepage, Government Purchasing Agency:
Northwest Territories back to map
  1. Contract Registry:
Nova Scotia back to map
  1. Procurement Services:
Nunavut back to map
Ontario * back to map
  2. School boards and publicly-funded academic, health and social service entities; Municipalities; and all provincial and municipal government-owned entities of a commercial or industrial nature:,
  3. Hydro One:
  4. Ontario Power Generation:
Prince Edward Island back to map
Québec * back to map
Saskatchewan back to map
  1. SaskTenders:
Yukon back to map

* Please note that Ontario and Québec had so far enforced high local content requirements, meaning it was not viable for potential suppliers from outside the provinces to participate in provincial or municipal tenders for public transport vehicles. Under CETA both provinces have accepted the replacement of the "€˜local content"€™ requirement by a more flexible "local value" condition which allows the European bidder not only to take into consideration the value of parts and components (as would be the case with "€˜local content") but also labour costs linked to the assembly of the final product and services, such as maintenance or after-sales service. In addition, in case of tenders of energy utilities in the provinces of Ontario and Québec, certain specific types of contracts are excluded from the commitments. However, EU bidders still gain substantial access to the procurement of these energy entities.


CETA constitutes the most comprehensive trade agreement the EU has ever concluded with regard to trade in services and investment. It ensures legal certainty for EU and Canadian services suppliers and investors by binding the actual level of liberalisation in the open economies of Canada and the EU.

Both the Canadian federal government and Canada’s provinces have set out all their existing limitations or restrictions to the supply of services, with an unprecedented level of transparency. This brings valuable legal certainty for EU services suppliers. The same transparency is offered by the EU. A so-called ‘ratchet’ will apply to the areas not subject to policy space reservations, capturing improvements when restrictions are modified or eliminated in future. In addition, the ‘most-favoured nation treatment’ obligation ensures that EU business receive the best treatment accorded by Canada to any trading partner, now or in the future.

Maritime services

The EU gains new access to the Canadian market —€” in particular for maritime services

In CETA, the EU has achieved a new opening of the Canadian maritime transport market, with the liberalisation of feedering on the important route between Montreal and Halifax. Both ports are significant on the Canadian east coast. Montreal is a large port handling 1.4 million standard containers (total of import and export containers in 2015) whereas Halifax handles 0.4 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) (also in 2015).

The opening up of this route will make it easier for EU maritime operators and their larger vessels to operate in Canada.

Dredging is an essential activity to ensure that ports function properly and can adapt quickly to the increasing dimensions of ocean-going ships and to increases in international traffic. The EU is by far the world leader in dredging. With CETA, Canada is also opening up its market in dredging activities to EU operators, a market which is estimated to be worth between CAD 150 million-400 million per year.

Progressive liberalisation and transparency

Canada’s provinces and territories have committed their actual level of liberalisation, meaning that they cannot introduce new quotas or new discriminatory measures against EU service suppliers, except in reserved sensitive sectors. By explicitly including provincial and territorial reservations, Canada guarantees EU service providers the current level of market access, and the benefit of any future liberalisation that Canada may undertake.

For example in the professional servicessector, Canada has removed a number of limitations on citizenship and residency conditions for lawyers, accountants, architects and engineers to practice in Canada. In telecommunications and postal and courier services, Canada has locked in future liberalisation for the first time.

Regulatory disciplines

In addition to the ambitious market access commitments undertaken, CETA also includes innovative and strong regulatory disciplines that complement and enhance the market access commitments undertaken by the two parties.

These regulatory disciplines include one of the most extensive and comprehensive sets of mutually binding disciplines on domestic regulation, dealing with licencing or authorisation regimes for nearly all services and investment activities. The text ensures fair and transparent regimes for all applicants and makes the authorisation process as smooth as possible.

Movement of professionals

For the temporary movement of professionals, CETA includes the most ambitious provisions that the EU has negotiated so far. This can be particularly beneficial for SMEs, as they may not be able to ensure the presence of permanent staff on the ground to directly supply the service.

Canada has committed to allowing the posting of EU intra-corporate transferees in any sector to Canada for up to 3 years. This is an important consideration for companies when making an investment decision. Further, Canada will allow for such EU professionals to be accompanied by their spouses and families on their temporary posting abroad.

CETA also contains ambitious and extensive provisions aimed at facilitating the mobility of highly skilled professionals between the EU and Canada. It establishes a framework for the mutual recognition of professional qualifications and determines the general conditions and guidelines for the negotiation of profession-specific agreements.

Temporary entry for professionals

Some of the unprecedented features of the agreed package on temporary entry include the following.

Comprehensive commitments on intra-corporate transfers. The ability of companies to post their experienced personnel to their subsidiaries in other countries to set up the business and bring and take back knowledge and expertise is an important component of any investment decision. Under CETA, EU companies will be able to post their intra-corporate transferees to Canada for up to 3 years. Contrary to previous agreements, this benefit applies generally to all sectors.

Extended duration of stay for professionals. Contractual service suppliers or independent professionals in the meaning of the agreement will be able to stay in the other party for a period of 12 months (double what was previously possible).

Temporary movement of professionals is also necessary to ensure that expertise and after-sales service can be offered with the sale of a good or a service, thus encouraging cross-border trade. CETA allows contractual service suppliers to benefit from preferential entry and stay conditions (such as non-discriminatory treatment with respect to Canadian suppliers) in additional sectors. These include:

  1. advisory and consultancy services related to mining; telecommunication services; postal and courier services; insurance and insurance-related services; other financial services; transport; manufacturing;
  2. maintenance and repair of equipment such as vessels, rail transport equipment; motor vehicles, motorcycles, snowmobiles and road transport equipment; aircraft and parts thereof; metal products, non-office machinery, and other types of equipment and household goods;
  3. related scientific and technical consulting services;
  4. environmental services.

New profiles. The preferential access to Canada’s market and the non-discriminatory treatment in Canada will also apply to EU suppliers fitting new types of profile, as defined in the agreement: investors, short-term business visitors and technologists.

Spouses. Canada will extend to spouses of EU intra-corporate transferees a treatment equivalent to that granted to spouses of Canadian intra-corporate transferees in the EU. This is a very meaningful benefit, fully in line with recently adopted EU intra-corporate transfers (ICT) directive.

Mutual recognition of qualifications

Agreements on the mutual recognition of professional qualifications (MRAs) typically apply to regulated professions such as architects. This is an essential step in facilitating access of professionals from one country to the market of another. CETA provides a detailed framework for the negotiation and conclusion of such MRAs — a first in EU trade agreements.

Crucially, CETA leaves it up to the associations of regulated professions of both parties to initiate the process of negotiating an MRA, and to agree on the specific conditions. This ensures that MRA negotiations are initiated only if there is sufficient interest from a specific profession on both sides and that the agreements fully take into account the details of the profession in question. Once the associations agree on the principles and following the procedures set out in the framework, the MRA becomes legally binding, ensuring that European professionals can have their qualifications recognised by the competent authorities in Canada and vice versa.

Policy space guaranteed

CETA preserves policy space for the EU and its Member States to operate monopolies and exclusive rights for public utilities (such as health, education, water, social services) at all levels of government, to keep such services public and subsidise them, or even to reverse the earlier privatisation of a service, and to discriminate in favour of local suppliers in critical and sensitive sectors. Furthermore, the audiovisual sector has been entirely excluded from any liberalisation commitments and disciplines.


CETA will facilitate EU investment in Canada, as the threshold for the review of acquisitions of Canadian companies under the Investment Canada Act is substantially increased from the current CAD 354 million to CAD 1.5 billion. This applies to all EU investors other than those which are state-owned enterprises.

As the world’s largest exporter and importer of foreign direct investment, which brings jobs and economic growth, the EU has an important interest in ensuring that international investment protection and dispute settlement are effective. CETA’s provisions on investment protection and the new investment court system (ICS) represent a significant step forward from the traditional approach in most of the existing bilateral investment treaties worldwide. They ensure a high level of protection for investors, while fully preserving the right of governments to regulate and pursue public policy objectives such as the protection of health, safety or the environment. The ICS represents a clear break from the old Investor to State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) approach and demonstrates the shared determination of the EU and Canada to establish a fairer, more transparent and institutionalised system for the resolution of investment disputes. It will also replace the eight existing bilateral investment agreements between certain EU Member States and Canada. Once CETA enters into force definitively, it will offer EU and Canadian investors greater predictability, transparency and protection for their investments in Canada and in the EU respectively.

If you plan on investing in Canada you can find out more here

NB: Investment protection and the investment court system, as well as portfolio investment market access, will not be provisionally applied in line with Council Decision (EU) 2017/38 of 28 October 2016 on the provisional application of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada, of the one part, and the European Union and its Member States, of the other part (OJ L 11, 14.1.2017, p. 1080—€“1081 (

Useful Contacts
  11. FRANCE
  13. GREECE
  16. ITALY
  17. LATVIA
  20. MALTA
  22. POLAND
  27. SPAIN
  28. SWEDEN
EUROPEAN UNION Delegation of the European Union to Canada
150 Metcalfe Street, Suite 1900,
Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1
Tel. +1 6132386464
Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ )
Advantage Austria Toronto

  1. Consulate General of Austria —€ Commercial Section Advantage Austria
    30 St Clair Avenue West, Suite 1402,
    Toronto, Ontario, M4V 3A1
    (Tel. +1 4169673348)
    (Tel. +1 5148493708)
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    445 Wilbrod Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6M7
    Tel. +1 6137891444,
  1. Wallonia Foreign Trade and Investment Agency€
    Agence wallonne à l'Exportation et aux Investissements Etrangers (AWEX) %27exportpratique/conseil-export/Introduction/Pages/Introduction.aspx,
  2. Bruxelles Invest & Export
  3. Flanders Trade

  1. Trade rep. for Ontario, Manitoba
    2 Bloor Street West — Suite 2508,
    Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2
    Tel. +1 416515-7777
  2. Flanders
    Trade rep. for Québec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island
    999 Boulevard de Maisonneuve West — Suite 1600,
    Montreal (Québec) H3A 3L4
    Tel. +1 514289-9955
  3. Wallonia
    Trade rep. for Québec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island
    1250 René-Lévesque West — Suite 4115,
    Montreal, Québec, H3B 4W8
    Tel. +1 514939-4049
  4. Brussels
    Trade rep. for Québec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island
    1010 Sherbrooke West — Suite 2404,
    Montreal, Québec, H3A 2R7
    Tel. +1 514286-1581
  5. Embassy in Ottawa
    360 Albert Street, 8th floor, Suite 820,
    Ottawa, Ontario, K1R 7X7
    Tel. +1 6132367267
The Bulgarian Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion Agency
българската агенция за насърчаване малките и средните предприятия
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    325 Stewart Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6K5
    Tel. +1 613893215
Export portal
Izvozni portal
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    229 Chapel St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 7Y6
    Tel. +1 6135627820
  2. Consulate General
    918 Dundas Street East, Suite 302, Mississauga, Ontario, L4Y 2B8
    Tel. +1 9052779051
Trade Service
Υπηρεσία Εμπορίου…
  1. High Commission
    150 Metcalfe Street, Suite 1002, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1
    Tel. +1 6135630727
  2. Honorary Consulate
    435 Donald Street, Coquitlam, British Columbia, V3K 3Z9
    Tel. +1 6049362268
  3. Trade Section
    13 East 40th Street, New York, NY 10016
    Tel. +1 2122139100
National Trade Promotion Agency of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic
CzechTrade — Česká agentura na podporu obchodu
  1. CzechTrade Canada
    6707 Elbow Drive SW, T2V0E5 Calgary, Alberta, T2H 0S7
    Tel. +1 4032694924
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    251 Cooper Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0G2
    Tel. +1 6135623875
  3. Consulate General of the Czech Republic
    2 Bloor Street West, Suite 1500, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Udenrigsministeriet Eksportrådet
  1. Trade Council of Denmark
    2 Bloor Street West, Suite 2120, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2
    Tel. +1 416962-5661
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    47 Clarence Street, Suite 450, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 9K1
    Tel. +1 6135621811
Enterprise Estonia (EAS)
Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutus(EAS)
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    260 Dalhousie Street, Suite 210, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 7E4
    Tel. +1 6137894222
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 850, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 6L5
    Tel. +1 6132882233
  1. Trade Representative in Canada: Business France
    Toronto: 154 University Avenue Suite 400,
    Toronto, M5H 3Y9
    Tel. +1 4169771257
    Montreal: Bureau Business France, 1501 McGill College, Bureau 1120,
    Montreal, QC H3A 3M8
    Tel. +1 5146704000
    Vancouver: 1111 Melville Street, Suite 320 Vancouver,
    British Columbia V6E 3V6
    Tel. +1 6046390923
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    42 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1M 2C9
    Tel.+1 6137891795
Germany Trade and Invest (GTAI)
  1. Canadian German Chamber of Commerce
    480 University Avenue, Suite 1500, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1V2
    Tel. +1 416598-3355
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    1 Waverley Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0T8, Canada
    Tel. +1 613 232 1101
Enterprise Greece Invest and Trade
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    80 MacLaren Street Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0K6
    Tel. +1 6132386271
  2. Consulate General
    1075 Bay Street, Suite 600, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2B1
    Tel. +1 4165150133
  1. Hungarian National Trading House
  2. Hungarian Investment Promotion Agency
  1. Consulate General in Toronto
    175 Bloor Street East, Suite 1109, South Tower, Toronto
    Tel. +1 6473492550
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    299 Waverley St., Ottawa, K2P 0V9
    Tel. +1 6132307560
  1. Trade Representative in Canada: Enterprise Ireland
    2 Bloor St. W, Suite 1501, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2!73ZE8B
    Tel. +1 4169345033
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    Varette Building, 130 Albert St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5G4
    Tel. +1 6132336281
Italian Trade Agency
ICE —Agenzia per la promozione all'estero e l'internazionalizzazione delle imprese italiane
  1. Italian Trade Promotion Agency of the Consulate General of Italy

    365 Bloor Street East, Suite 1802, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3L4
    Tel. +1 4165981566

    1000 rue Sherbrooke ouest, Bureau 1720, Montreal, Québec, H3A 3G4
    Tel. +1 5142840265
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    275 Slater St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5H9
    Tel. +1 6132322401
Investment and Development Agency of Latvia
Latvijas Investīciju un attīstības aģentūra
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    350 Sparks St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1R 7S8
    Tel. +1 6132386014
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    150 Metcalfe Str #1600, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1
    Tel. +1 61356754 58
  1. Honorary Consulate in Ottawa
    World Exchange Plaza, 45 O’Connor Street, Suite 1150, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 1A4
    Tel. +1 6137554091
  2. Embassy in Washington DC
    2200 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC. 20008
    Tel. +1 2022654171
  1. In Canada Consulate General in Toronto
    3300 Bloor St W, Etobicoke, Ontario, M8X 2X3
    Tel. +1 4162070922
  1. Netherlands Enterprise Agency
    Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland
  2. Ondernemersplein — an online portal for foreign and Dutch start-ups
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    350 Albert Street, Suite 2020 Ottawa, Ontario, K1R, 1A4
    Tel. +1 613 237 503
  2. Consulate General in Toronto
    1 Dundas Street West, Suite 2106, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1Z3
    Tel. +1 416 595 2402
Polish Investment and Trade Agency (former Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency)
Polska Agencja Inwestycji i Handlu

  1. President’s Secretariat: +48 223349871
  2. Foreign Investment Department: +48 223349875
  3. Department of Economic Development: +48 223349820
  4. Economic Promotion Department: +48 223349926
  5. Information and Communication Department: +48 223349994
  1. Polish Investment and Trade Agency in Toronto
    438 University Avenue, Suite 1810, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2K8
  2. Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Ottawa
    443 Daly Ave, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6H3
    Tel. +1 6137890468
  3. Consulate General of the Republic of Poland in Toronto
    2603 Lake Shore Blvd. West, Toronto, Ontario, M8V 1G5
    Tel. +1 4162525471
    Tel. +1 4164645405
  4. Consulate General of the Republic of Poland in Vancouver
    1177 West Hastings Street, Suite 1600, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6E 2K3
    Tel. +1 6046883458
  5. Consulate of the Republic of Poland in Montreal
    3501 Avenue du Musée, Montreal, Québec, QC H3G 2C8
    Tel. +1 6137890468
aicep Portugal Global — Trade and Investment Agency
  1. Trade and Investment Agency: aicep Toronto
    438 University Avenue, Suite 1400, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2K8
    Tel. +1 4169214925
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    645 Island Park Dr, Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y 0B8
    Tel. +1 6137290883
  1. Ministry for Business Environment, Commerce and Entrepreneurship
  2. InvestRomania
  3. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania
  1. Romania’s Economic and Trade Promotion Bureau
    1010, rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Bureau 610, étage 6, Montreal, Québec, H3A 2R7
    Tel. +1 5145048235
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    655 Rideau St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6A3
    Tel. +1 6137893709
Sario — Slovak Investment and Trade Development Agency
Slovenská agentúra pre rozvoj investícií a obchodu
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    50 Rideau Terrace, Ottawa, Ontario, K1M 2A2
    Tel. +1 6137494442
SPIRIT Slovenia — Public Agency for Entrepreneurship, Internationalization, Foreign Investments and Technology
SPIRIT Slovenija
  1. Embassy in Ottawa
    150 Metcalfe Street Suite 2200, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1
    Tel. +1 6135655781
ICEX — Spanish Institute for Foreign Trade
ICEX España Exportación e Inversiones
  1. Economic and Commercial Office
    151 Slater Street, Suite 801, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5H3
    Tel. +1 6132360409
  2. Toronto Trade Promotion Office
    170 University Ave #602, Toronto, Ontario, M5H 3B3
    Tel. +1 4169670488
  3. Embassy in Ottawa
    74 Stanley Ave, Ottawa, Ontario, K1M 1P4
    Tel. +1 6137472252
Business Sweden — The Swedish Trade and Investment Council
  1. Trade Representative in Canada: Business Sweden
    2 Bloor Street West, Suite 2120, Toronto Ontario M4W 3E2
    Tel. +1 4169228152
  2. Embassy in Ottawa
    377 Dalhousie Street, Ottawa Ontario, K1N 9N8
    Tel. +1 6132448200
High Commission: Department for International Trade

  1. British High Commission, 80 Elgin Street, Ottawa Ontario, K1P 5K7
    Tel. +1 6133646138
  2. 2000 McGill College Avenue, Suite 1940, Montreal Québec, H3A 3H3
    Tel. +1 5148665863- 2244
  3. 1111 Melville Street, Suite 800,Vancouver, British Columbia, V6E 3V6
    Tel. +1 6046834421- 2210
  4. 5100-150 6 Avenue SW, Calgary Alberta, T2P 3V7
    Tel. +1 4035396207
  5. 777 Bay Street, Suite 2800, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2G2
    Tel. +1 4165931290- 2259
Chambers of commerce and business associations
  1. European Union Chamber of Commerce in Canada (EUCCAN)
    480 University Avenue, Suite 1500, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1V2
    Tel.  +1 4165987087
  2. European Union Chamber of Commerce in Canada West

A list of local and bilateral EU chambers of commerce and business associations in Canada can be found on the website of the European Union Chamber of Commerce in Canada ( EUCCAN is an umbrella organisation for these very diverse structures and organisation.

Information Tools

These seven factsheets explain what CETA agreement is about and the benefits it will bring.

  1. An overview of CETA   -  (other languages
    The 7 main parts of the agreement
  2. CETA and agriculture   -  (other languages)
    How EU agriculture benefits
  3. The strategic benefits of CETA   -  (other languages)
    Working together to shape globalisation
  4. Safeguards in CETA   -  (other languages)
    Six ways CETA guarantees the EU's interests
  5. Standards and values in CETA   -  (other languages)
    A progressive agreement for sustainable development
  6. In figures   -  (other languages)
    The EU-Canada trade relationship
  7. The negotiating process   -  (other languages
    Reaching a deal

Brochure for businesses – describes benefits, chapter by chapter, but also gives some practical tips for the companies.

Infographics illustrate the benefits of CETA per member state.

How to export to Canada (Video)

Series of companies who believe in CETA benefits can be found on following links:

SMEs recommendation of the EU-Canada trade agreement "CETA"

The EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) helps SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) from both sides to export, import and invest more easily.

Almost all tariffs have been eliminated or reduced. Import requirements have been simplified where possible, including customs procedures, rules of origin or technical regulations.

Note: You need to follow the rules of origin to benefit from CETA. Information on rules of origin: guidance on rules of origin; an origin declaration is needed to certify that your goods come from the EU (or from Canada when goods enter the EU); EU exporters need to be registered in the REX system (no registration is needed for a consignment below EUR 6,000) - see EU-Canada customs cooperation; text of the Protocol on rules of origin and origin procedures; and Market Access Database (here you find product specific rules of origin).

Information on CETA

Additional information for SMEs

In September 2018, the CETA Joint Committee agreed a specific SMEs recommendation that each Party provides online information to SMEs of the other Party about CETA and that the EU and Canada work together so that the trade agreement benefits SMEs.


Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) are the dominant company size in Canada and the EU: they represent over 99% of all companies and provide about two thirds of jobs in the private sector and approximately 55% of economic output. SMEs' share of the value of total Canadian exports is about a quarter while EU SMEs' share of all EU exports is just less than a third. CETA makes doing business easier in the large EU and Canadian markets improving access to over 500 million consumers.

CETA enables SMEs on both sides to increase their participation in bilateral trade, increase their investments and/or engage other forms of business partnership. Most tariffs have been eliminated and import formalities have been reduced to a minimum. This gives SMEs, which have fewer resources compared with large companies, the opportunity to compete with large companies in both markets. Exporting is a challenge for SMEs because they have with their few resources to address additional export related requirements and procedures. CETA makes life easier for small exporters by simplifying, where possible, paper work, technical regulations, customs procedures, rules of origin, procurement information, intellectual property issues etc. All this helps to increase the participation of SMEs in bilateral trade, investment, joint ventures and other business relationships, and finally to create more jobs.

As SMEs play a dominant role in the economy of both Parties, the CETA Joint Committee has agreed a specific Recommendation in September 2018 to ensure that more small companies will benefit from this trade agreement. Relevant information for SMEs regarding CETA is published on this website, in particular information on market access and import requirements. SME Contact Points in both Canada and the EU take into account SMEs' specific needs and consider ways how CETA can work better for SMEs.

This website and the links below help SMEs to use CETA to grow their business.

Note: The EU applies its SMEs definition on the EU market and Canada applies its SMEs definition on the Canadian market.

Summary of CETA

On 21st September 2017, CETA provisionally entered into force (1). As such most of the agreement is now applied. Over 500 million consumers in Canada and the EU benefit from CETA as it offers increased choice of high standard products at lower prices.

CETA offers new bilateral export and import opportunities across all sectors for Canadian and EU businesses. It will save companies substantial amounts in tariffs on goods. CETA removed duties on 98% of products (tariff lines) from the first day it was applied. In addition, import procedures and formalities have been simplified wherever possible for a wide range of products. For example, for farm products, the EU has further opened its market for certain competing Canadian products in a limited and calibrated way, as Canada has provided improved access to its market for specific European export products. Furthermore, CETA also protects intellectual property and "geographical indications" for specific high quality regional food and drink products. That said, CETA will not change the way Canada or the EU regulate food safety, including genetically modified products or the EU ban on hormone-treated beef.

Moreover, CETA gives companies best access to public procurement contracts from central to municipality levels. Finally, CETA also offers better legal certainty in the service economy, greater mobility for company employees, and a framework to enable the mutual recognition of professional qualifications.

(1) The agreement will take full effect once all EU Member States have formally ratified it. Areas that are not yet in force are investment protection and the investment court system (ICS), portfolio investment market access, provisions on camcording and two provisions related to the transparency of administrative proceedings, review and appeal at Member State level.

The benefits of CETA

CETA reduces the costs of doing business between Canada and the EU, which has an impact on many areas:

  • Helping to generate growth and jobs at home – Free trade agreements help to boost economic growth and jobs
  • Creating a level playing field for Canadian and EU companies, big and small - Canadian and EU businesses will now compete on a truly level playing-field, this will create new opportunities
  • Lowering prices and widening choice for consumers – Eliminated tariffs and reduced export related costs should lower costs to businesses for their inputs needed to make the final product and lower the prices and offer a wider choice for consumers.
  • Cutting customs duties for exporters and importersCETA will save money for businesses as customs duties will be mostly eliminated and therefore the prices of their products will fall which will create new opportunities to grow and hire more staff.
  • Cutting other costs for businesses – This includes so-called conformity assessment certificates. These prove that a product has been tested and meets i) relevant technical rules and regulations, and ii) any health, safety, consumer protection or environmental standards that also apply. EU and Canada have agreed to accept each other’s conformity assessment certificates for products ranging from electrical goods to toys. So a product is tested once can already obtain a certificate valid for the other side. That will save it time and money.
  • Making it easier for firms to sell services - Services represent in the EU and Canada three-quarters of the economy. New opportunities and better conditions are set in areas like telecoms, finance, professional services such as accountancy and engineering, environmental services, container shipping or dredging.
  • Allowing firms to bid for public contractsCETA opens the public procurement market from central to municipality levels, which represent huge new business opportunities. Also all public procurement tender notices will be available in one place.
  • Helping rural communities market distinctive food and drinks - CETA helps food and drink producers, many of whom are based in small rural communities, to market their products more effectively with protection of geographical indications (GIs). CETA will make sure that only genuine products can be sold under those names and strengthen border checks to stop fake food or drink products wrongly claiming to be from a particular region.
  • Protecting innovators and artists - CETA helps that innovative companies, musicians and creative industries are properly rewarded for their work. Intellectual property protection includes aligning rules in areas like patents, designs and copyright, and enforcing those rules more strongly, like through border checks to combat fake (counterfeit) or pirated goods.
  • Recognising each other's professional qualifications - CETA enables professionals to find new job opportunities in the bilateral market. The EU and Canada have organisations which represent for example regulated professions, and CETA gives them a framework for negotiating agreements which would recognise each other's qualifications. Then the authorities in Canada and the EU will take up these agreements and make them apply legally.
  • Encouraging companies to invest more – Investments create jobs and growth. CETA encouraged more job-creating investment by making it easier to temporarily transfer their key staff like senior executives or technical experts for a limited period.
  • Protecting people's rights at work, and the environment - The EU and Canada have reaffirmed commitments that they respect international rules on protecting people's rights at work and the environment.
Overview of the 30 chapters in CETA, its annexes and "Joint interpretative instrument"

All CETA chapters are briefly explained here and the related text can be downloaded. Areas covered include market access rules for goods, technical barriers to trade, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, investment, services, electronic commerce, competition policy, government procurement, intellectual property, regulatory cooperation or dispute settlement. The Annexes include tariff elimination schedules, quotas, procedures, rules of origin, mutual acceptance of conformity assessments etc.

How CETA benefits SMEs

SMEs benefit from CETA. This trade agreement helps SMEs to expand their activities in the EU and Canadian markets. Reduced trade barriers, tariff elimination, simplified customs procedures and more compatible technical requirements are lowering export-related costs and help allow small companies to compete with large companies as well as to participate more in bilateral supply chains and e-commerce. Certain SME provisions reinforce the general CETA benefits for small companies, such as a SME friendly investment dispute resolution system between investors and states; other provisions help meet SME needs in terms of electronic commerce and government procurement.

SMEs benefit disproportionately from CETA provisions compared with large companies for a number of reasons. SMEs have fewer resources than large companies to overcome the challenges of exporting due to trade barriers and small trade volumes which increase export related costs per unit. Therefore SMEs demand a rules based and transparent international trade covering all relevant trade areas that they can perform international business activities in a fair way. This helps SMEs becoming more competitive in bilateral exports and on the home market through imported inputs for their production.

CETA provides a level playing field for SMEs as export-related costs per unit are lowered and come closer to those faced by big companies. In particular, technical regulations, standards and trade facilitation measures have a strong impact on SMEs who export. SMEs should be able to focus on their core business instead of, for example, spending time and resources adapting their products to different technical requirements in each market or dealing with multiple customs rules.

CETA has simplified doing business between the EU and Canada in an extensive number of areas for all companies. This saves time and money and makes life easier in particular for SMEs to become active in both markets. CETA eliminates or lowers trade barriers, tariffs and export related costs, for example through simplified and transparent customs procedures and rules of origin requirements, product testing requirements and lower export related costs. EU and Canadian technical regulations and rules have been made more compatible, so that SMEs can sell the same product, or the same product with fewer modifications, into both markets. This allows small companies, in particular micro-enterprises, to compete with larger companies and to participate in international supply chains and e-commerce.

CETA has provisions on food safety and animal and plant health and ensures that no unjustified barriers are created. Unfair subsidies are addressed by a consultation mechanism. Investment rules remove barriers to foreign investors, which enables small companies to become more active investors. As most SMEs are working in the service sector, the provisions are important regarding a fair and equal access to each other's services markets, where only a few exceptions in sensitive sectors are applied. In this context, rules for temporary entry of persons for business purposes and also for mutual recognition of professional qualifications are applied. This is crucial for example when installing or maintaining an exported machine. Dedicated chapters are included covering telecommunications, electronic commerce, competition policy and government procurement at every level of government (national, regional, provincial and local).

A high number of SMEs has specific knowledge which they rely upon for helping them to maintain a competitive market position. The chapter on intellectual property rights (IP) outlines procedures to protect against IP violations, and defines areas where both parties can cooperate further. Other CETA chapters ensure that EU-Canadian cooperation create a favourable trade environment where SMEs benefit directly, including on regulatory cooperation, sustainable development, transparency or dispute settlement.

Overall, while trade agreements confront SMEs with more competition from imported goods and services, competition encourages innovation and greater productivity. Comprehensive trade agreements like CETA entail and deliver stronger economies and are contributing to establish the basis of stronger, more competitive and more productive Canadian and European economies which provide jobs and prosperity for their citizens in future.

Internationalised SMEs benefit the most from CETA. They are already internationally competitive and CETA provides them additional business opportunities. More choice of local or imported intermediate products enhances the competitiveness of their export products. In addition, their workers can be better rewarded as companies that export tend to hire and pay more than businesses that do not export. That said, SMEs that do not export directly will also benefit. Many SMEs export indirectly to the other side, by selling goods or services to larger firms who incorporate these into their own exports. They will also gain from cheaper imports of intermediate products which will boost the competitiveness of their final product. The easier market access will also persuade SMEs to start exporting on the bilateral market. Also other SMEs benefit indirectly from CETA due to additional economic growth from increased trade and foreign direct investment.

Specific SMEs provisions in CETA

Certain provisions reinforce the general CETA benefits for SMEs:

  • The chapter on electronic commerce mentions in the general provisions that the Parties recognise the importance of facilitating the use of electronic commerce by SMEs.
  • The chapter on government procurement includes considering the promotion of coordinated activities to facilitate access for suppliers to procurement opportunities in the territory of each Party. These activities may include initiatives to facilitate access for SMEs.
  • The provisions in the chapter on investment make it less costly for SMEs to engage in investment dispute resolution than what is currently the case under investment dispute settlement mechanisms of other trade agreements. CETA includes:
    • Specific provisions in the agreement on mediation - which do not exist outside EU agreements – are of particular relevance to SMEs as it represents a low cost option compared to full litigation. It encourages parties to a dispute to solve the issue amicably within 60 days rather than go through litigation. The possibility to have mediation is available at any time of the proceedings.
    • Provisions allowing parties to hold consultation via videoconference which is an easy and low cost option of particular relevance for SMEs.
    • Procedural deadlines make proceedings faster and reduce the costs for SMEs of the litigation.
    • Possibility on request of an SME to submit claims to a single judge, will make the proceedings faster and cheaper (instead of 3 judges).
    • Importantly, pursuant to the loser pays principle under CETA, a successful SME would have no costs to cover in a dispute settlement. Further, the EU and Canada can adopt supplementary rules introducing ceilings to costs SMEs would cover should they be unsuccessful in their claim.
  • In addition, SME issues can be raised in the various committees responsible for the implementation of the agreement.
SMEs Recommendation of the CETA Joint Committee, September 2018

On 26 September 2018, the CETA Joint Committee agreed a specific SMEs Recommendation that each Party provides online information to SMEs of the other Party about CETA and market access, and that a SME Contact Point on each side work together to tackle SMEs specific issues.

The CETA Joint Committee,
Having regard to the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (abbr title="Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement">CETA) between Canada, of the one part, and the European Union and its Member States, of the other part (“the Parties”), and in particular Article 26.1.5.(f) thereof, with a view to increasing trade and investment opportunities for SMEs,

Has addopted this recommendation:

  1. The CETA Joint Committee recognises the importance of small and medium-sized enterprises including micro-sized enterprises (hereinafter referred to as "SMEs") in EU-Canada bilateral trade relations and provisions in CETA that are of particular benefit to SMEs. The CETA Joint Committee acknowledges the importance of promoting an environment that facilitates and supports the development, growth and competitiveness of SMEs and that enhances their ability to benefit from the opportunities created by CETA.
  2. The CETA Joint Committee recommends that each Party establish or maintain a publicly accessible website containing information regarding CETA, including:
    1. the text of CETA with all annexes, tariff schedules and product-specific rules of origin;
    2. a summary of CETA; and
    3. information that each Party considers as useful for SMEs of both Parties.
  3. The CETA Joint Committee recommends that each Party include in the website provided for in paragraph 2. internet links to
    1. the equivalent website of the other Party;
    2. websites of its government authorities and/or other appropriate entities that provide information useful to SMEs of the other Party; and
    3. a database or published information that is electronically searchable by tariff nomenclature code which provides specific information on access to its market, import requirements and other information the Parties consider of assistance to SMEs.
  4. The CETA Joint Committee recommends that each Party promptly appoint an SMEs Contact Point on each side and notify the other Party of the contact details including information regarding the relevant officials.
  5. The CETA Joint Committee recommends that the SMEs Contact Points jointly:
    1. take into account SMEs needs in the implementation of CETA, exchange SMEs related information, and consider ways to increase trade and investment opportunities under CETA for all EU and Canadian SMEs, including SMEs owned by underrepresented groups1;
    2. ensure that the information included in the website referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 is up-to-date and relevant for SMEs, and recommend any additional information that the other Party's SMEs Contact Point may publish on its website;
    3. encourage, if appropriate, efforts of other bodies established under CETA to integrate SME-related considerations in their work;
    4. consider any other matter of interest to SMEs under CETA, as appropriate; and
    5. report periodically on their activities, including with respect to the implementation of this Recommendation and the SMEs related provisions within CETA, to the CETA Joint Committee, and make, as appropriate, suggestions for its consideration.
  6. The CETA Joint Committee recommends that SMEs Contact Points meet within the first year following the adoption of this Recommendation, and annually thereafter or as determined by the Parties, in person or by any other technological means available. They will carry out their work through appropriate communication channels.
  7. The CETA Joint Committee recommends that the SMEs Contact Points may seek to cooperate with experts, external organisations and SMEs stakeholders, as appropriate, in carrying out their activities.

Extra support

  • For EU exporters: The Market Access Database of the European Commission gives EU exporters free on-line information about import conditions in over 130 export markets, including Canada. This is a database searchable by tariff nomenclature code for product specific market access information, including on rules of origin.
  • For EU importers: The EU Trade Helpdesk is an online database searchable by tariff nomenclature code for product specific market access information on the EU single market.
  • The Enterprise Europe Network is the world's largest support network for SMEs. It has 3,000 experts across 600 organisations in more than 60 countries. Members include chambers of commerce and industry, technology centres, and research institutes.